An intensive lifestyle intervention, proven to help people lose weight to prevent diabetes, also works in primary care when delivered over the telephone to obese patients with metabolic syndrome, according to a new study by Upstate’s Paula Trief, PhD, and Dr. Ruth Weinstock, MD, PhD and colleagues.
The findings also showed that group telephone sessions appear to be particularly effective for greater weight loss. Trief is professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, medicine and orthopedic surgery and senior associate dean for Faculty Affairs and Faculty Development at Upstate. Weinstock is a SUNY Distinguished Service Professor of Medicine, medical director of the Upstate Joslin Diabetes Center, research professor of neuroscience and physiology, and division chief of endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism.
The findings appear online in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.
Metabolic syndrome affects a third of adults in the United States and can lead to early death from heart and vascular problems, in particular. People with metabolic syndrome suffer from central obesity, high blood fats, high blood pressure and abnormal blood sugar levels. Lifestyle changes—such as those tested in the Diabetes Prevention Program —that lead to weight loss can prevent or slow the development of diabetes. For a greater impact on public health, it is key to find ways to apply the principles of the DPP lifestyle change program in primary care provider practices, for example, which are ideal settings for weight loss interventions. In addition, telephone interventions are attractive as they can reach a large number of patients, at a time and in a place that best suits them.
Weinstock, Trief and their research team compared the effectiveness of two primary care provider telephone adaptations of DPP in their Support, Health Information, Nutrition and Exercise (SHINE) study. A total of 257 obese patients with metabolic syndrome, but not diabetes, were recruited from five practices in New York. They were randomly assigned to one of two groups—they received either individual calls or participated in conference calls with up to eight patients per call, for a period of two years. The authors measured changes in weight after six, 12 and 24 months of calls.
The researchers found that participants in both groups lost weight after one and two years. The individual and conference call versions of the lifestyle intervention were equally effective after a year; however, after two years, conference call participants had lost more weight and continued to lose weight compared to those receiving individual calls who began to regain. The conference call educators were trained to promote discussion among the group and group members shared weight loss strategies within a supportive environment.
The authors conclude: “SHINE, a real-world, widely deployable, telephone adaptation of the DPP intensive lifestyle program, delivered by primary care provider staff, was effective in achieving weight loss at one and two years, in obese people with metabolic syndrome. These individuals are at high risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and are important targets for weight loss. The SHINE model holds promise to stimulate lifestyle change and weight loss in primary care settings.”
Look at the study in the journal
Hear an interview with Dr. Trief